What is home barometer
Barometers are often used as a tool for predicting changes in the weather, as changes in atmospheric pressure can indicate approaching storms or other changes in weather patterns. High pressure generally indicates fair weather, while low pressure is often associated with precipitation and storms. However, it’s important to note that barometers can only provide a general indication of the weather and should not be relied upon as a sole source of weather forecasting.
How to make barometer at home
There are a few different ways you can make a barometer at home. One simple method involves the following steps:
- Gather materials: You’ll need a glass jar with a tight-fitting lid, a straw, a piece of cardboard or paper, and some water.
- Fill the jar with water: Fill the jar about 3/4 full with water.
- Insert the straw: Place the straw in the water, making sure it stays upright and doesn’t touch the sides or bottom of the jar.
- Place the lid on the jar: Tightly seal the lid on the jar, making sure there are no leaks.
- Mark the starting point: Use a pen or pencil to mark the level of the water in the straw on the cardboard or paper. This will be your starting point for measuring atmospheric pressure.
- Observe the water level: As the atmospheric pressure changes, the water level in the straw will rise or fall. You can use the mark you made on the cardboard or paper to track the changes in atmospheric pressure.
It’s important to note that this is a very basic and rough method for measuring atmospheric pressure, and it may not be very accurate. If you’re interested in building a more precise barometer, you may want to consider using a more specialized method or purchasing a commercial barometer.
How to read a home made barometer
To read a home-made barometer, you’ll need to observe the water level in the straw and compare it to the mark you made on the cardboard or paper when you first set up the barometer. As the atmospheric pressure changes, the water level in the straw will rise or fall.
To interpret the readings, you can use the following general guidelines:
- If the water level in the straw is above the mark you made, this indicates high atmospheric pressure, which is often associated with fair weather.
- If the water level in the straw is below the mark you made, this indicates low atmospheric pressure, which is often associated with precipitation and storms.
It’s important to note that these are general guidelines and that atmospheric pressure can vary significantly depending on location and other factors. Additionally, home-made barometers are not typically as precise as commercial barometers, so you should not rely on them for accurate weather forecasting. Instead, use them as a fun and educational way to learn about atmospheric pressure and the weather.
What is the measurement range on a standard home barometer
The measurement range on a standard home barometer typically falls within a range of approximately 750 to 1050 millibars (mb). This range represents the range of atmospheric pressure that is typically observed on Earth at sea level.
Atmospheric pressure is a measure of the weight of the atmosphere above a given point, and it is typically expressed in units of millibars or hectopascals (hPa). Normal atmospheric pressure at sea level is around 1013.25 millibars or hectopascals. This is equivalent to 14.7 pounds per square inch (psi).
Barometers are used to measure atmospheric pressure as a way of predicting the weather, as changes in atmospheric pressure can indicate approaching storms or other changes in weather patterns. High pressure generally indicates fair weather, while low pressure is often associated with precipitation and storms. However, it’s important to note that barometers can only provide a general indication of the weather and should not be relied upon as a sole source of weather forecasting.
In home digital barometer how it works
A home digital barometer is a device that measures atmospheric pressure and displays the measurement on a digital display. Digital barometers typically use one of two types of sensors to measure atmospheric pressure: a piezoresistive sensor or a capacitive sensor.
Piezoresistive sensors are made of a material that changes its electrical resistance when it is subjected to pressure. The sensor is typically connected to an electronic circuit that measures the resistance and converts it into a digital measurement of atmospheric pressure.
Capacitive sensors, on the other hand, use two parallel plates separated by a small gap. When atmospheric pressure is applied to the plates, it causes the gap to change size, which changes the capacitance between the plates. This change in capacitance can be measured electronically and converted into a digital measurement of atmospheric pressure.
In both cases, the digital barometer uses this measurement of atmospheric pressure to calculate and display the current atmospheric pressure on the digital display. Some digital barometers also have additional features, such as a built-in thermometer and/or hygrometer, which measure temperature and humidity, respectively.
How to buy a high-quality home barometer
If you’re looking to buy a high-quality home barometer, there are a few key things to consider:
- Accuracy: It’s important to choose a barometer that is accurate in its measurements. Look for a barometer that has been calibrated to meet industry standards, such as the American Meteorological Society (AMS) standards.
- Durability: A barometer that is made with high-quality materials and has a robust design is more likely to last longer and provide reliable readings over time.
- Display: If you want to be able to easily read the measurements on your barometer, look for one with a clear and easy-to-read display. Some barometers have analog dials, while others have digital displays.
- Additional features: Some barometers come with additional features, such as a built-in thermometer and/or hygrometer, which measure temperature and humidity, respectively. Decide whether these additional features are important to you and look for a barometer that includes them if they are.
- Price: Barometers come in a range of prices, from very inexpensive to quite expensive. Consider your budget and look for a barometer that offers the features and level of accuracy you need at a price you’re comfortable with.
Finally, be sure to do your research and read reviews from other users before making a purchase. This can help you get a sense of the reliability and performance of different barometers and make an informed decision.
The Caribbean Sea is a warm, tropical ocean that is perfect for a beach vacation. The water is usually calm and clear, and the weather is warm and sunny.
The Caribbean Sea is a beautiful place to vacation, but the weather can be unpredictable.
The Caribbean Sea is a beautiful place to vacation, but the weather can be unpredictable. Sometimes it’s sunny and warm, and other times it’s cloudy and cool. If you’re planning a trip to the Caribbean, be sure to pack a variety of clothes so you’ll be prepared for any type of weather.
There are several factors that affect the weather in the Caribbean Sea.
The Caribbean Sea is a very popular vacation destination, and for good reason! The weather in this region is typically quite warm and sunny, making it a perfect spot to relax and escape the cold winter months. However, there are several factors that can affect the weather in the Caribbean Sea.
One of the most important factors is the time of year. The hurricane season runs from June to November, and during this time the region is susceptible to severe weather. If you’re planning a trip during this time, it’s important to be aware of the potential for storms and be prepared to change your plans if necessary.
Another factor that can impact the weather is the location. The northern and eastern parts of the Caribbean tend to be drier than the southern and western parts. This is due to the fact that the northern and eastern parts of the region are closer to the deserts of South America, while the southern and western parts are more influenced by the moisture from the Atlantic Ocean.
Finally, elevation can also play a role in the weather. The higher you are, the cooler the temperatures will be. So, if you’re looking to escape the heat, you may want to consider staying in a higher-elevation location.
Keep these factors in mind when planning your next trip to the Caribbean Sea and you’ll be sure to have a great time, no matter what the weather brings!
The trade winds are one of the most important factors in determining the weather in the Caribbean Sea.
The trade winds are one of the most important factors in determining the weather in the Caribbean Sea. These winds blow from the east to the west, and help to keep the region’s climate stable. Without them, the weather in the Caribbean would be much more unpredictable.
The trade winds also play a role in the formation of hurricanes. These winds help to push the storms towards the west, where they often make landfall. This is why it’s important to be aware of the trade winds when a hurricane is approaching, as they can give you an idea of where it might make landfall.
Overall, the trade winds are a vital part of the weather in the Caribbean Sea. Without them, the region would be much more chaotic and unpredictable.
The temperature of the water in the Caribbean Sea can also affect the weather.
The Caribbean Sea is located in the tropics, meaning that it’s generally warm all year round. However, the temperature of the water can still affect the weather. For example, if the water is particularly warm, it can lead to increased thunderstorm activity.
There are a few things that you can do to prepare for the weather in the Caribbean Sea.
As we all know, the weather in the Caribbean can be quite unpredictable. One day it could be sunny and bright, and the next day it could be cloudy and rainy. That’s why it’s always important to be prepared for anything when traveling to this region.
Here are a few things you can do to prepare for the weather in the Caribbean Sea:
- Check the forecast before you travel. This way, you’ll know what to expect and can pack accordingly.
- Bring along some lightweight, breathable clothing. This will help you stay cool and comfortable in the warm weather.
- Pack a few essential items for rainy days, such as an umbrella and raincoat.
- Be sure to pack sunscreen, hats, and sunglasses. The sun can be quite strong in the Caribbean, so it’s important to protect yourself from the harmful rays.
- Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated. This is especially important in the heat.
By following these tips, you’ll be sure to have a great time in the Caribbean Sea no matter what the weather brings.
There are many weather instruments that you can use to monitor the weather conditions in your home. Some of the most popular weather instruments include thermometers, barometers, hygrometers, and rain gauges.
Thermometers are devices used to measure temperature. There are various types of thermometers, including mercury-in-glass, digital, and infrared.
Mercury-in-glass thermometers are the most common type of thermometer. They consist of a glass tube with a bulb at the bottom containing mercury. As the mercury expands or contracts with changes in temperature, it moves up or down the glass tube, which is marked with temperature gradations.
Digital thermometers are becoming increasingly popular due to their accuracy and ease of use. They work by using a sensor to measure the temperature, which is then displayed on a digital readout.
Infrared thermometers work by measuring the infrared radiation emitted by an object. They are commonly used to measure the temperature of hot objects that cannot be safely touched, such as furnaces or engine parts.
A hygrometer is a device used to measure humidity. Humidity is the amount of water vapor in the air. Water vapor is the gaseous state of water and is invisible. The higher the humidity, the more water vapor there is in the air. Hygrometers can be used to measure both the temperature and the humidity of the air.
There are many different types of hygrometers, but the most common type is the psychrometer. Psychrometers have two thermometers, one that is dry and one that is wet. The difference between the two temperatures is called the wet-bulb temperature. The wet-bulb temperature is a measure of the amount of water vapor in the air.
Hygrometers are used in many different fields, including meteorology, engineering, and manufacturing. They are also used in homes and office buildings to control the indoor environment.
A barometer is a scientific instrument used in meteorology to measure atmospheric pressure. Pressure tendency can forecast short term changes in the weather. Numerous types of barometers have been developed, with the aneroid barometer being the most commonly used type in the world.
The word “barometer” is derived from the Greek word “baros” meaning “weight” and “metron” meaning “measure”. The first barometer was invented by Evangelista Torricelli, an Italian physicist, in 1643.
Aneroid barometers are the most common type of barometer in use today. They consist of a small, hermetically sealed, partially evacuated chamber that contains a mechanism to measure atmospheric pressure.
The pressure of the atmosphere presses on a diaphragm, which in turn moves a pointer connected to the diaphragm. The pointer is usually calibrated in units of millibars or inches of mercury.
Mercury barometers are less common, but they are more accurate than aneroid barometers. They consist of a glass tube that is sealed at one end and contains mercury. The other end of the tube is open to the atmosphere.
As the atmospheric pressure changes, the mercury level in the tube also changes. The level of mercury is then read from a scale on the tube.
Barometers are used to measure atmospheric pressure, which can be used to predict short-term changes in the weather. If the atmospheric pressure is falling, that means a storm is on the way. If the pressure is rising, that means the weather is clearing.
Anemometers are devices that are used to measure wind speed. There are many different types of anemometers, but they all work by measuring the force of the wind on a rotating object. The most common type of anemometer is the cup anemometer, which has four rotating cups that are turned by the wind.
Anemometers are used in a variety of applications, including weather forecasting, wind energy research, and construction. They are also used to measure the wind speed for safety purposes, such as when pilots are landing an airplane.
Wind speed is usually measured in kilometers per hour or miles per hour. To convert between the two, you can use this formula: 1 mph = 1.609 km/h.
If you want to learn more about anemometers, check out this website:
A rain gauge is a simple device that is used to measure rainfall. It consists of a tube that is placed in the ground and open at the top. When it rains, the rainwater collects in the tube and is then measured.
Rain gauges are important tools that are used by meteorologists to track rainfall amounts over time. They are also used by hydrologists to study the water cycle and by farmers to track precipitation for irrigation purposes.
If you’re interested in measuring snowfall, you’ll need a snow gauge. Snow gauges are devices that are placed in the snow to measure how much has fallen. They come in a variety of shapes and sizes, but all have the same basic principle: a tube that collects the snow and a ruler to measure the depth.
There are many different types of snow gauges, but the most common is the standard 8-inch snow gauge. This type of snow gauge is placed in the snow and left there until all the snow has melted. The depth of the snow is then measured with the ruler.
Another type of snow gauge is the stake snow gauge. This type of snow gauge is placed in the ground and has a ruler that extends up to the top of the stake. The depth of the snow is then measured from the bottom of the stake to the top of the snow.
Snow gauges are an important tool for measuring snowfall, but they are not the only way to measure snowfall. There are also snow depth sensors, which are placed in the snow and measure the depth of the snowfall.
Snow depth sensors are generally more accurate than snow gauges, but they are also more expensive. If you’re interested in measuring snowfall, you’ll need to decide which type of snow measuring device is right for you.
The typhoon season in Hawaii usually runs from June to November. During this time, the islands are vulnerable to strong storms that can bring high winds, heavy rains, and large waves. While most typhoons veer away from Hawaii, some do make landfall, and when they do, they can cause significant damage.
The typhoon season in Hawaii generally runs from June to November.
The typhoon season in Hawaii generally runs from June to November. typhoons can bring heavy rains and strong winds to the islands, so it’s important to be prepared. Here are some tips to help you stay safe during the typhoon season:
- Know the forecast. Stay updated on the latest weather conditions and be prepared to change your plans if necessary.
- Have a plan. Know what you’ll do if a typhoon approaches. Have a place to go where you’ll be safe from the storm.
- Be prepared. Have supplies on hand in case you lose power or water. Stock up on non-perishable food, water, and other essentials.
- Stay safe. If a typhoon hits, stay indoors and away from windows. Avoid driving if possible, and be careful if you have to go outside.
Typhoons can bring high winds and heavy rains to Hawaii, and can cause significant damage to property and infrastructure.
As we enter the peak of hurricane season, it’s important to be aware of the dangers that typhoons can pose to Hawaii. Though they don’t occur as often as hurricanes, typhoons can bring high winds and heavy rains that can cause significant damage to property and infrastructure.
In the event of a typhoon, it’s important to be prepared. Make sure you have an emergency kit stocked with supplies, and know your evacuation route. Stay tuned to local news and weather reports for updates, and be sure to follow any instructions from authorities.
With a little preparation, we can all stay safe in the event of a typhoon.
The most recent major typhoon to hit Hawaii was Iniki in , which caused widespread damage across the state.
The most recent major typhoon to hit Hawaii was Iniki in 1992, which caused widespread damage across the state. Iniki was a powerful and destructive storm, and its effects were felt across the islands. More than $1.8 billion in damage was caused by the storm, and it is considered one of the most costly natural disasters in US history.
Hawaii is typically spared from the worst of the typhoon season, but residents should still be aware of the potential dangers and take steps to prepare for a possible storm.
Hawaii is typically spared from the worst of the typhoon season, but residents should still be aware of the potential dangers and take steps to prepare for a possible storm. While the islands are typically not in the direct path of typhoons, they can still experience high winds and heavy rains, which can lead to flooding and other problems.
There are a few things that residents can do to prepare for a possible typhoon. First, it is important to have a plan in place in case you need to evacuate your home. Make sure you know where you would go and how you would get there. It is also a good idea to have a emergency kit packed and ready to go, just in case. This should include items like food, water, a first-aid kit, and a flashlight.
If a typhoon does threaten the islands, make sure to stay informed by listening to the radio or television, or following the National Weather Service on social media. And, of course, if you are told to evacuate, do so immediately.
While it is unlikely that Hawaii will experience a direct hit from a typhoon, it is still important to be prepared. By taking a few simple steps, you can make sure you and your family are safe in case of any emergency.
If a typhoon does hit Hawaii, the best course of action is to shelter in place and ride it out until the storm has passed.
If a typhoon does hit Hawaii, the best course of action is to shelter in place and ride it out until the storm has passed. This means staying indoors in a safe place and not venturing outside until the storm has passed. If you live in a high-rise building, it is best to go to the lowest level possible. If you live in a mobile home, it is best to evacuate to a sturdy building.
A Tropical Storm Warning is an alert issued by meteorological agencies when a tropical cyclone is expected to bring tropical storm conditions to a region within the next 36 hours.
A tropical storm warning is an alert issued by weather authorities when a tropical storm is expected to make landfall in the coming hours or days.
A tropical storm warning is an alert issued by weather authorities when a tropical storm is expected to make landfall in the coming hours or days. This is a serious situation and people in the affected area should take steps to prepare for the storm.
A tropical storm is a storm that forms in the tropics. These storms usually form over the ocean and then move towards land. Tropical storms can bring high winds, heavy rains, and flooding to an area.
If you are in an area that is under a tropical storm warning, you should take steps to prepare for the storm. This includes making sure you have a safe place to shelter, stocking up on supplies, and making sure your property is secure.
If a tropical storm is forecast to affect your area, stay informed and follow the instructions of local authorities.
A tropical storm warning means that tropical storm conditions are expected in the area within the next hours.
A tropical storm warning means that tropical storm conditions are expected in the area within the next few hours. This means that you should take steps to prepare for the storm, such as stocking up on supplies and making sure your property is secure. If possible, you should also try to avoid being outdoors in the storm.
A tropical storm warning is issued when a tropical storm is forecast to bring sustained winds of knots ( mph) or more to the coast within the next – hours.
A tropical storm warning is issued when a tropical storm is forecast to bring sustained winds of 34 knots (39 mph) or more to the coast within the next 36 hours.
A tropical storm warning is usually issued when a tropical storm is about miles away from the coast and is moving closer at a speed of about knots ( mph).
A tropical storm warning is usually issued when a tropical storm is about 36 miles away from the coast and is moving closer at a speed of about 28 knots (32 mph).
When a tropical storm warning is issued, people in the affected area should take action to protect themselves and their property from the storm.
When a tropical storm warning is issued, it’s important to take action to protect yourself and your property from the storm. There are a few things you can do to prepare:
- Bring in any loose outdoor items like patio furniture or lawn decorations.
- Close and secure all windows and doors.
- If you have time, fill up your car with gas and stock up on supplies like food and water.
- Most importantly, stay safe and don’t take unnecessary risks. If the storm is severe, it’s best to hunker down indoors until it passes.
The World has yet to absorb the full impact of the devastation wrought by Very Severe Cyclonic Storm Nargis, a tropical cyclone in the North Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal which struck the Southeast Asian nation of Myanmar (Burma) on 2 May 2008, devastating the Irrawaddy River delta, referred to as the Mouths of the Irrawaddy. The military junta that rules the country has not issued an update to the official death toll since Tuesday, 6 May 2008, when it stood at 22,980 with 42,000 people missing and an estimated one million homeless. It is widely anticipated that the death toll will easily cross 100,000; a Myanmar official has stated that the number of persons killed in one province alone may reach as high as 80,000. With relief supplies only trickling into the country and the rice planting season about to get underway, it is feared that a second disaster waits in the wings, as starvation and outbreaks of diseases could wreak havoc on the remaining populace. Very Severe Cyclonic Storm NARGIS Very Severe Cyclonic Storm NARGIS, Visible Image at 0957 UTC 2 May 2008, eye coming ashore over the Mouths of the Irrawaddy, Myanmar. Central pressure 937 mb (hPa). Photo courtesy Naval Research Lab (NRL) In the wake of Nargis, a second major tropical cyclone has been spawned in the Western North Pacific Ocean. Super Typhoon Rammasun, identified as Butchoy within the Philippines, briefly threatened that country in its formative stages, but turned northward to spare the island nation which is all too frequently visited by typhoons. While Nargis was a low-end Saffir-Simpson Category 4 storm at landfall (stronger than Hurricane Katrina when it struck New Orleans), Super Typhoon Rammasun has reached the upper limit of Category 4.
While the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale is not generally utilized outside of the United States and is arguably not a superior method for estimating the damage potential of a tropical cyclone, there is no denying that Super Typhoon Rammasun is a significant storm, with 1-minute sustained wind speed estimated at 135 knots (155 mph or 250 km/hr) by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center of the U.S. Navy and 10-minute sustained wind speed estimated at 105 knots (121 mph or 194 km/hr) by the Japan Meteorological Agency. The primary difference between Rammasun and Nargis is that Rammasun is not expected to pose any significant threat to land throughout its lifespan. Super Typhoon RAMMASUN (BUTCHOY) Super Typhoon RAMMASUN (BUTCHOY), Infrared Image at 1530 UTC 10 May 2008, in the Philippine Sea east of Luzon, Philippines. Central pressure 922 mb (hPa). Photo courtesy Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center (FNMOC) It is unusual to see two such potent storms generated so early in the Northern Hemisphere tropical cyclone season, since the ocean heat content (measured by sea surface temperature or SST) is not yet near the maximum expected late in the summer when the season ordinarily peaks. What, then, can be expected for the Atlantic hurricane season, which officially begins on 1 June? The Tropical Meteorology Project of the Colorado State University, in its Extended Range Forecast of Atlantic Seasonal Hurricane Activity and U.S. Landfall Strike Probability for 2008, predicts a season above the climatological norm, with 15 named storms, eight hurricanes and four intense hurricanes (Saffir-Simpson Category 3 or higher). The forecast also anticipates a higher than average probability that an intense hurricane will make landfall on both the U.S. East Coast and in the Gulf of Mexico. The National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center of NOAA will issue its 2008 Atlantic hurricane season forecast later this month. So, ladies and gentlemen, it tentatively looks like we had better batten down the hatches in anticipation of an active Atlantic hurricane season, with the outlook for the entire Northern Hemisphere not faring much better. Of course, for storm chasers and those who enjoy following the progress of tropical systems, this is exciting news. As usual, Ten Spider Weather & Meteorology will be tracking each storm in near real time via our Tropical Cyclone, Typhoon & Hurricane Tracking Center.
We urge you to stop by, and please don’t hesitate to spread the word through blogs, forums and hyperlinks to our site. We urgently need you to get the word out about our tracking center; doing so may save someone’s life, property or pets. A parting comment: For those who will find themselves in the path of a tropical cyclone this season, be it called tropical storm, hurricane, typhoon or cyclonic storm, when the word comes to evacuate, remember Myanmar. The ferocity of a tropical cyclone and the power of storm surge should never be underestimated nor minimized. If your property is of value to you and you lose your life and perhaps the lives of your loved ones protecting it, what have you accomplished? Plan ahead, be vigilant and, should an evacuation order be issued, heed it! Finally, let’s be thankful that, for the moment, the Indian Ocean is quiet.
This editorial references the short video The Difference Between Global Warming & Climate Change. For perspective, you may wish to watch the video before reading the editorial.
Wow! The referenced Discovery Channel Network video provided a great explanation of the differences between and perceptions of “global warming” versus “climate change” right up to the moment when I heard the word “Republicans” uttered. Then I heard it again. I wanted to hear Democrats mentioned to make this a balanced explanation, but that mention was nowhere to be found. Interestingly, what I did hear was a direct comparison between scientists and Republicans, as though scientists now represent an opposing political party (inference: all scientists are Democrats, ergo all Republicans are non-scientists). This is how the media distorts and politicizes reporting. Seems to me that the entire global warming agenda (not a debate, as any legitimate criticism is roundly mocked and ridiculed by both political camps) has been pushed by the Dems and environmentalists, heralded by Mr. Al Gore (who has grown incredibly rich as a result) for what seem to me (as a conservative, Independent voter and former meteorologist) to be largely political ends. Now, “warmists” and “climate deniers” alike do little more than hurl barbs and insults at one another, with the former intimating that the science is fully resolved, there is virtually 100% consensus that the planet is in imminent peril, and action must be taken — action that is politically defined, not that which is based upon true, unbiased science. Meanwhile, the public is caught in the crossfire, used as cannon fodder by each side in the never-ending quest for political power.
“Climate change” is an ambiguity; perhaps that is why there is public ambivalence toward it.
Earth’s climate is always changing, as is the weather, but climate is modified on time and distance scales far beyond those of local weather patterns or even human lifetimes. There is far more that atmospheric scientists do not know about climate than that which they have already discovered; the research is ongoing. Climate models, while steadily improving, are far from perfect, and can only be as accurate as the inputs (actual data and its resolution), parameters (types of data used), programming (mathematical equations and their coding) and assumptions (necessary when a system’s scope is not fully known or understood) with which they are constructed and executed.
“Global warming,” like the Internet, was not invented by Mr. Gore, but has been exploited by him to further his own pursuits. Perhaps he truly believes the planet is in immediate danger, but I believe he is simply scare mongering to win converts to the cause. It is high time that both sides of the global warming debate pause to reflect upon the incredible damage they are doing to the American people and our way of life, as well as to societies throughout the World, in the name of their own incomplete versions of reality.
The true danger to the public involves the rampant speculation that has blossomed with respect to the nature of expected changes if global warming is indeed real. Every political hack quotes their own pet scientist or research study, claiming to have the inside scoop on exactly what disastrous outcomes are in store for us if the problem is not immediately addressed in the most expensive (read as taxes, fees and regulations) manner possible. We are led to believe that every single unusual weather event is now somehow tied to the inexorable warming of the planet, and that these events are inevitably to become more and more frequent unless we all sacrifice mightily to curb our greenhouse gas emissions. Meanwhile, the nations of China and India, known to be the world’s largest polluters, continue to expand their industrial base with little thought given to global warming (though China is now taking some minimal steps to curb air pollution due to the tremendous health risk extant within its major cities) and with little outcry from those same politicos who call for our sacrifice. Does anyone see the hypocrisy here?
I personally believe that global warming is occurring. My belief is based upon specific observations, such as rapidly retreating mountain glaciers, the calving Antarctic ice sheet and melting permafrost. However, basing my belief on observation does not in any way make it a fact. Mr. Joe Bastardi (Chief Forecaster, WeatherBell Analytics, LLC) argues that climate behavior is cyclical and that heating and cooling of the atmosphere and oceans occur naturally over decades. The reality of whether our planet’s atmosphere and oceans are permanently warming must be based upon the largest possible body of evidence and theory. All theories must be taken into account — especially those that appear to fly in the face of conventional wisdom — so that they can be fully vetted and either confirmed or repudiated. The history of science abounds with ideas scorned and ridiculed by researchers’ peers, only to be embraced at a later date as widely-held doctrine. Scientists need to remember that the true pursuit of science is unbiased, with the path of discovery leading to conclusions that may or may not validate the arguments of the pursuer.
There are many potential causes that may lead to the warming or cooling of our planet, each possessing greater or lesser permanency in their lasting responses and greater or lesser magnitude in their overall effects on the oceans, the atmosphere and the environment. Furthermore, systems and actions upon systems can combine in unforeseen ways, leading to unanticipated and often unpredictable consequences. Mankind is assuredly one of these causes, as we are modifying ecosystems in ways not possible for any other species. Yet, this ability to sculpt our environment and alter our habitat does not conclusively demonstrate mankind’s sole responsibility for a planetary-scale warming; likewise, arguments that the sun’s radiant energy output may be in flux or that climate is cyclical does not exonerate us from playing any role whatsoever.
We need to know more — much more — and our global satellite monitoring systems are beginning to provide some of the answers at levels previously unimaginable. They reveal the planet as a living organism with widely diverse and incredible interactions at a multitude of levels. Yet there is no Gaia — no intelligence behind these natural processes. Mother Earth is a rocky ball with a molten core upon which has evolved an incredible diversity of life. The phrase, “Earth is in peril,” is inaccurate; the planet will always “repair” itself, absorbing any indignities Man may inflict upon it, though the time scale upon which it does so may far exceed our own. The biosphere, on the other hand, is suffering measurable contamination and damage — not just from perceived warming, but from pollution and alterations in land use (destruction of habitat). The latter two are within humanity’s immediate ability to control, and we should exercise our responsibility in doing so.
Finally, if global warming is real and is man-made, are we so arrogant as to believe that we can correct a process within a decade or two that has been evolving over hundreds of years? Furthermore, are we to do so at any cost? The answer to the latter question is clearly, “No.” If our concern is with the impact to our way of life (which is what the scare tactics regarding climate change emphasize), then solutions to environmental impacts must be found which minimize the effect on that way of life while maximizing the benefit to the environment. Solutions to a concept so profound as the heating of the atmosphere of our planet must also be reversible — just in case our premise is wrong or other mitigating factors (such as a very large volcanic eruption) come into play.
The real information regarding whether Earth’s atmosphere and oceans are warming is fragmented, contradictory, and unavailable to the public except through the filters of scientific mystique, news media bias and political distortion. It is time for climate scientists to set aside their personal feelings regarding climate change, reevaluate both their data and their conclusions, and engage in an interdisciplinary (atmospheric and environmental sciences, biology, geology and geophysics, oceanography, solar physics) exchange of information and ideas that will ultimately lead to a true, not a politically-induced, consensus as to what factors may contribute to climate change; to what degree each factor might contribute; in what ways climate change might manifest itself; and what solutions we can employ to both mitigate and survive the effects climate change might ultimately impose upon our environment and society. It is time for the politicians to shut up, get out of the way, and let the scientists do their work.